CDC VACCINATION INFORMATION ABOUT HEPTATITIS B VIRUS
About the Disease
Risks of the Disease
Hepatitis B is a serious disease. The first stage of it may lead to:
Long-lasting infection with hepatitis B virus may:
Each year in the U.S.:
How is it spread?
Hepatitis B virus is carried in the blood and body fluids of an infected person. It can pass through tiny breaks in the skin, mouth, vagina, or penis. A person can get infected in several ways, such as:
People can spread hepatitis B virus without even knowing they have it.
About the Vaccine
Benefits of the Vaccine
Vaccination is the best way to protect against hepatitis B.
Hepatitis B Vaccine Schedule
Most people should get three doses of hepatitis B vaccine. If you miss a dose or get behind schedule, get the next dose as soon as you can. There is no need to start over.
Other vaccines may be given at the same time as hepatitis B vaccine.
Hepatitis B Vaccine
Who should get hepatitis B vaccine?
Ask your doctor or nurse if you should get the vaccine.
Tell your doctor or nurse if the person getting the vaccine:
If you are not sure, ask your doctor or nurse.
What are the risks from hepatitis B vaccine?
Hepatitis B is one of the safest vaccines.
As with any medicine, there is a very small risk that serious problems, even death, could occur after getting a vaccine.
Getting the disease is much more likely to cause serious illness than getting the vaccine.
Acetaminophen or ibuprofen (not aspirin) may be used to reduce fever and pain.
What to do if there is a serious reaction:
If you want to learn more, ask your doctor or nurse. She/he can give you the vaccine package insert or suggest other sources of information.
About Hepatitis B Immune Globulin (HBIG)
Benefits: HBIG protects from hepatitis B virus infection for 1-3 months.
Schedule: HBIG is given with the first hepatitis B vaccine dose to people who have recently been exposed to the hepatitis B virus.
Who should get HBIG:
Risks: swelling, hives, severe allergic reaction.
U.S. Department of Health and